Achlorhydria is a condition where the body does not absorb enough water from the environment. This leads to low blood volume and electrolyte imbalances, which are responsible for fatigue, weakness, muscle cramps, headaches and other symptoms.

If left untreated, it can lead to death. There are two types of achlorhydria: primary and secondary. Primary achlorhydria occurs when there is no cause or disease causing factors such as dehydration, malnutrition, infection or injury. Secondary achlorhydria occurs due to certain drugs (such as antibiotics) or medications (such as antihistamines).

In some cases, a person may have been exposed to very high levels of chlorine in drinking water and develop chloracne. Chlorine is a colorless, odorless and tasteless chemical.

It is used widely in industry, mining and agriculture. Chlorine exposure causes skin irritation, coughing up of phlegm and breathing difficulties. Other effects include difficulty in concentrating, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Symptoms usually appear within 24 hours after exposure to chlorine gas or liquid.

Chronic chloracne can occur even if the person was never exposed to chlorine gas or liquid before the onset of symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of chloracne include:

Severe itchiness of the skin that does not go away even after weeks or months of treatment.

Scarring and thickening of the skin, especially around the genitals and armpits.

Redness and swelling of the eyelids.

Swollen and puffy cheeks.

Enlargement of oil glands on the face.

Chemical burns on face, neck, hands, chest and genitals.

Bleeding of the skin, especially around the hair follicles and behind the ears.

Difficulty in breathing.

Pain in the chest.

Muscle or joint pain.

It is important to see a doctor if you think you have chloracne. The doctor will ask questions about your medical history and do a physical examination to find out the extent of skin damage caused by chloracne.

Other diagnostic tests may include chest X-ray, urine test and blood tests.

Treatment options for chloracne includes the following:

Use of lotions, soaps and creams to prevent skin irritation.

Oral or intravenous antibiotics for persistent signs of infection or if the condition worsens.

Surgery to remove damaged skin.

It is important to note that in most cases, symptoms of chloracne will go away by themselves within 2 years after the last time you were exposed to chlorine.


Chlorine is a chemical element used in the disinfection of water and removal of waste products from the human body. Chlorine has a wide range of uses in medicines, bleaches, dyes, refrigerants, pesticides and many more.

In nature, chlorine can be found in sea salt and in rocks in the ground.

Chlorine poisoning occurs when someone swallows or breathes in a large amount of chlorine. This can lead to burning of the throat and lungs, difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing, fluid in the lungs and death.

Chlorine gas can be fatal at lower levels than other poisonous gases such as carbon monoxide gas.

As little as 0.1 milligrams of chlorine per kilogram of body weight can be lethal to humans.

A level of 2.5 milligrams per kilogram can cause fatalities in less than 30 minutes.

Chlorine gas was used as a weapon during World War I, when Germany first used it against French troops. Since then, other countries (such as the United States) have stockpiled this chemical for use in war and terrorists groups have also acquired and used it.

Chlorine gas is a poison that can kill quickly. Immediate treatment is essential when exposed to it, because its effects are so fast.

To prevent death from chlorine poisoning, people have to move to fresh air immediately and keep victim’s head below the horizon. They should also seek immediate medical attention.

Chlorine gas is a greenish-yellow gas.