The following are some of the most common types of tears:
Perineal Tear (PVT)
A perineal tear occurs when there is a separation between the vaginal opening and rectum. The rupture may occur during sexual activity or it may happen naturally due to aging, childbirth, pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, etc. A perineal tear usually heals without any intervention. However, if the tear does not heal within one week, then surgery may be necessary. Perineal tears are painful but do not require medical attention.
A ripped is a tearing of the skin from the surface of your body. If you have been bitten by a snake or insect, then you might experience a torn. Most often rips occur due to trauma such as being kicked while running away from something dangerous or falling down stairs. Rips can cause pain because they involve tearing through the skin. Ripped wounds tend to heal without any intervention.
Minor Perineal Tear (MPT)
A minor perineal tear is a tear of less than 3 inches in length and width. Minor tears are usually healed without any intervention. They are small enough that they cannot be seen with the naked eye, however, they can still hurt if not treated immediately. If there is bleeding, it should slow down within a few days. If the tearing does not heal within one week, then surgery may be necessary.
A labial tear is a tear of the labia. The labia is made up of two folds of skin that surround the vaginal opening. A labial tear can range from a small rip to a complete severing of tissue. Many people suffer from labial tears and don’t even realize it. If you are experiencing pain during sexual activity, then you may have a labial tear.
Tearing of the skin can be treated by taking an over-the-counter medication such as ibuprofen and letting it heal on its own. A labial tear can completely heal within one month if no special treatment is sought.
A torn is a more intense version of a rip. In this case, the skin has been completely torn open and is more severe than a cut or incision. Cuts typically occur due to trauma such as falling on a knife or having an accident with some sort of machinery. If you have torn anything in the past, then you need to be especially careful around similar objects that can cause further tearing. For example, if you tore your hand in a door, then you should take extra care when handling a sharp knife.
When you get a torn, you should immediately clean and cover the wound with sterile gauze in order to prevent infection. If left untreated, cuts can become serious infections that may require hospitalization. Treatment for cuts typically consists of taking an over-the-counter anti-biotic and/or visiting your family doctor.
Lesions are defined as “any localized injury, infection, or defect of the skin.
“Cuts and scrapes are a common type of lesion. Acute lesions occur suddenly, when trauma either penetrates the skin or otherwise damages it. Common types of acute lesion include cuts and puncture wounds from bites and sharp objects. Acute lesions typically involve damage to both the top and bottom layers of skin, and can be minor or severe in nature. The most minor forms of acute lesion include paper cuts and scrapes.
These skin abrasions are warnings from your body that you have done damage to your skin.
Infected wounds, also known as “rat bites,” are categorized as an acute lesion. These wounds typically occur due to bites from another person or animal. When an animal with sharp teeth bites you, it can puncture your skin and break through both layers of skin. This causes bleeding and an entryway for disease. If you experience a bite from an animal or person, it is important that the wound be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected immediately to prevent disease.
Chronic lesions occur when skin is damaged over a prolonged period of time. These wounds typically involve damage to just the top layer of skin, and can be caused by anything from the chemicals in solvents to the heat of a fire. One example of a common lesion is a frostbite. This condition occurs when skin is damaged due to extreme cold. When skin is exposed to damaging cold on a regular basis, the blood vessels shut down and tissue begins to die.
Cell death results in a white or pale area on the skin that has lost all of its color. Another common example of a lesion is an adder bite.
In the past, adder bites were incurable and deadly. Fortunately, modern medical science has allowed people to survive this dangerous condition. These bites are caused by any one of a large variety of venomous snakes. An adder bite is typically identified by the immediate swelling that occurs after the bite.
An infected wound, such as a rat bite, can be identified by the presence of puss or red streaks on the skin surrounding the wound. This type of infection must be treated immediately in order to prevent further health complications.
A frostbite lesion is typically identified by white or pale coloring in a particular area of skin. If this skin is exposed to too much cold over a long period of time, it can result in the death of the skin cells. A frostbite lesion typically occurs on areas of the body that are more susceptible to the cold such as the feet or hands.
In the past, frostbite was a common condition among people who worked in extreme cold conditions such as ice harvesters. Today, we know how to treat frostbite properly in order to avoid permanent cell death in skin tissue.
A snake bite can be identified by two small puncture wounds at the location of the bite. These puncture wounds will typically ooze a clear liquid and become discolored over time. A person suffering from an adder bite may experience throbbing pain, a rapid heartbeat, nausea, or other flu-like symptoms. It is important that a person bitten by a snake receive immediate medical attention. A snake bite can be deadly if left untreated.
A rat bite is identified by the presence of red streaks on the skin surrounding the wound. If not cleaned and disinfected soon after the bite occurs, an infected rat bite can become seriously infected very quickly.
It is important to remember that you can experience a secondary disease from an infected wound if the lesion becomes badly infected. This typically happens when wounds are exposed to bacteria or other disease causing organisms for an extended period of time.
A person suffering from frostbite typically experiences numbness, swelling, and pale coloration in the affected area. In severe cases, a person can experience permanent cell death in the skin tissue. This is referred to as a frostbite lesion.
It is very important that you seek immediate medical attention for frostbite and begin treatment as soon as possible.
Surgical wounds are identified by the presence of stitches or staples in the skin. The skin surrounding the wound will typically be red, swollen, or bruised. In some rare cases, a surgical wound might become infected due to improper care of the wound after it has been stitched or stapled shut.
It is important to remember that a wound can cause serious health complications if not cared for properly. If you suspect that you might have an infected wound, it is very important that you seek medical attention immediately.
A yellowish or green pus coming from the wound is a sign of an infected wound. The surrounding skin may appear red and swollen and the wound may be painful or tender to the touch. A person suffering from an infected wound should seek medical attention immediately. Without treatment, the wound can lead to a condition known as Cellulitis.
Cells affected by Cellulitis will typically appear red and swollen. Cellulitis can affect any area of the body including the legs, arms, face, or neck. If left untreated, Cellulitis can lead to a serious blood infection called Sepsis.
As a person suffering from an advanced case of Cellulitis, you may experience chills, fever, and a rapid heartbeat. Red streaks may also appear on the skin as the infection worsens. Without treatment, a person suffering from Cellulitis can quickly go into a coma or even die.
In the past, it was believed that tetnus was a contagious disease but medical experts now know that the conditions necessary for tetnus are not always present. This is why people are no longer quarantined when infected with tetnus.
A person suffering from tetnus will typically experience muscle spasms and convulsions. The early symptoms of tetnus may resemble that of the flu or other common diseases. As the disease progresses, it is common for a person to experience painful muscle spasms in the neck, jaw, back, and legs.
There are different strains of tetnus which affect different people in different ways. While some people may only experience mild symptoms such as headaches or muscle aches, others may suffer from more severe or life threatening symptoms including paralysis, respiratory failure, and even death.
Tetnus is typically treated with a combination of antibiotics and supportive care. In more serious cases where the immune system is too weak to fight off the disease, a vaccine can be used to strengthen the person’s immune system.
Tetnus is not a disease that can be contracted from an infected wound. However, tetnus is sometimes referred to as Lockjaw because of the pain caused by muscle spasms in the jaw.
It is important to remember that tetnus is not typically spread from person to person. Instead, tetnus is usually spread through an infected wound.
Swollen Lymph Nodes:
The lymph nodes are part of the immune system. When a person contracts an infection, it is common for the lymph nodes to swell as the body fights off the illness.
If the swollen lymph nodes are painful or sore to the touch, it is important to seek medical attention because this can be an indication of a more serious illness.
Some people may notice other symptoms including a high fever, difficulty breathing, and extreme fatigue. A person who experiences any of these symptoms should seek immediate medical attention.
While it is not a common concern for most people, some may worry that tetnus can be spread from person to person. The good news is tetnus is not typically spread from person to person.
Tetnus is usually contracted through an open wound which has come in contact with contaminated soil or animal feces that contain the tetnus bacteria. However, it is possible for a person to contract the disease through fresh, uninfected wounds. For this reason, it is important to seek immediate medical attention if you experience a wound of any kind.
Wounds caused by contaminated objects such as dirty knives, unsterilized medical equipment, and improperly cleaned abrasions are at a higher risk of tetnus infection. This is why it is especially important for people who have cuts or abrasions to seek immediate medical attention if they are in an area known to have a high tetnus infection rate such as a developing nation.
Research has shown that the tetnus vaccine is most effective when administered while a person’s immune system is at its peak, typically between the ages of two and six. If a person did not receive the vaccine as a child or has lost their vaccination records, they can still receive the vaccine.
However, people over the age of seven are more likely to experience side effects such as pain and swelling at the injection site as well a low grade fever.
Due to the increased risk of side effects, people over the age of seven are only recommended to receive the tetnus vaccine if they are at an especially high risk such as health care workers or those who frequently engage in outdoor activities and have a higher risk of puncture wounds or cuts.
If you have any questions about the tetnus vaccine, please speak to your doctor.
For current statistics on tetnus infection in the United States, please visit:
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
The above article contains information about Tetnus.
Sources & references used in this article:
Origin and types of emotional tearing by J Murube, L Murube, A Murube – European Journal of …, 1999 – journals.sagepub.com
Effectively detect and manage elder abuse by K Brown, GE Streubert, AW Burgess – The Nurse Practitioner, 2004 – journals.lww.com
Nano-ethics as NEST-ethics: patterns of moral argumentation about new and emerging science and technology by T Swierstra, A Rip – Nanoethics, 2007 – Springer
The medical examination in sexual offences against children by DM Paul – Medicine, Science and the Law, 1977 – journals.sagepub.com