About Face: How to Handle Dry Skin Under Your Eyes

About Face: How to Handle Dry Skin Under Your Eyes

Dry skin under your eyes is one of the most common problems among women. According to dermatologists, it causes wrinkles and sagging eyelashes. They are also known as “dry flakes”. There are many reasons why dry skin under your eyes occurs. Some of them include:

1) Aging

2) Stressful life situation like work or family responsibilities

3) Lack of sleep due to busy schedule at work or school. (You don’t get enough rest during the day!)

The first thing you need to do is to take care of these issues. You have to relax and not stress yourself out too much because stress will cause dryness. Also, avoid smoking and drinking alcohol. These things are known to worsen dry skin under your eyes. If you still feel stressed, then you need to consult with a doctor.

Another way to relieve stress is through exercise. Yoga, swimming and other types of physical activity are good ways to keep your mind calm and relaxed. Exercise helps in reducing anxiety levels which can lead to dryness under your eyes.

If you have a habit of sleeping late at night, then that can cause dry skin around your eyes. If you have to work at night, make sure you go to bed early enough so that you can get enough sleep. Other than the fact that lack of sleep causes dark circles under your eyes, it can also lead to dryness under your eyes.

The skin under and around your eyes is very thin and sensitive. Most of the creams and lotions that you put on your face are not good enough to hydrate it. That is why dermatologists recommend eye creams which are specifically made for the skin under your eyes. Even though regular moisturizers can clog your pores and cause milia, they can be helpful in hydrating your skin under your eyes.

When putting on your eye cream, never ever tug or pull the skin around your eyes forcefully. Also, you should never stick your finger into the jar. The best way to apply the cream is by using two dabs, one dab on each hand and then gently smoothing it under your eyes from the inside to the outside.

Note: Before buying an eye cream, be sure to check with your dermatologist. He or she might know of a specific brand that is good for your skin type.

If you do not have any dry skin under your eyes, then congratulations! However, it doesn’t mean that you aren’t prone to getting dry skin under your eyes in the future. You should still check with your dermatologist before trying out new products.

No matter how dry or wrinkle-prone your skin is, the best way to maintain it is by using a gentle moisturizer. Always be sure to read and follow the instructions on the labels of skin care products that you wish to buy.

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How to Care for Sensitive Skin

About Face: How to Care for Sensitive Skin

Skin is a very complex organ. It protects many of the vital organs in the body such as the brain, heart and lungs. The skin is made up of three primary layers; the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous layer. All three layers contain collagen which makes up the foundation of skin.

The epidermis is the top layer of skin. It is often called the “rind”. The epidermis is made up of cells, some dead and some alive. At the cellular level, there are four types of cells; basal cells, squamous cells, keratinocytes and melanocytes. However, the epidermis is not limited to just these four types of cells.

Melanin is a natural skin darkener. It is what gives people their tan.

The dermis is the middle layer of skin. It makes up about 90% of the skin’s thickness. The dermis contains blood vessels, nerves, hair follicles, sebaceous glands and cells, among other things. At the cellular level, there are two types of cells found in the dermis; fibroblasts and macrophages.

The subcutaneous layer is the lower layer of skin. It is often called the “fat layer”. It helps the skin to stay elastic and taut. At the cellular level, there are two types of cells found in the subcutaneous layer; fat cells and muscle cells.

There are three types of skin; dry skin, oily skin and normal skin. Each type is categorized based upon the over-all appearance and feeling of your skin.

Dry skin is categorized by having an over-all dull and lackluster appearance. Dry skin often causes scaling, flaking, itching and even soreness. There are many things that can cause dry skin, such as aging, climate, cleansing products, illness, sun exposure and even stress. There are many ways to treat dry skin. You can try using oils, butters and moisturizers.

You could also try using gentle soaps and creams. It is best not to scrub your skin when you have dry skin.

Oily skin is categorized by having an over-all shiny appearance. Oily skin often causes blemishes, clogged pores and sometimes rashes. There are many things that can cause oily skin, such as a hormonal imbalance, age, illness, medications, moisturizers and even cosmetics. There are many ways to treat oily skin. You can try using astringents and toners.

You could also try using exfoliating scrubs and washes. It is best not to apply moisturizers when you have oily skin.

Normal skin is categorized by having an over-all balanced appearance. Normal skin often causes no major problems. There are many things that can cause normal skin, such as age, climate, heredity, hormones, nutrition and relaxation. There are many ways to treat normal skin. You can try using all kinds of products on your skin.

You could also try using hot cloths on your face to open the pores. It is best not to over-cleanse or over-moisturize your skin when you have normal skin.

Skin Care Regimen

It is best to stay away from strong soaps, shampoos and other harsh chemicals that can irritate and inflame the skin. The best way to care for your skin is to use natural, gentle products. There are many types of soaps, lotions and oils that can be used on the face, hands and body.

Facial Cleansers

Facial cleansers come in several forms. Some of the more common forms are soaps, creams and gels. Soaps are often created from a combination of oils, fats and lye. They work by breaking down the oil and grease that covers the skin. Creams and gels are often created from water and oils.

They work by loosening dead cells and dirt from the skin.

Whether you use a soap, cream or gel, it is important to rinse thoroughly to avoid dryness. Always wash your face last thing at night to avoid clogging your pores. If you suffer from dry or sensitive skin, make sure to use a cream or gel rather than a soap.

Moisturizers

Moisturizers come in several forms. Some of the more common forms are creams, lotions, oils and gels. Creams are often created from a combination of water and oils. Lotions are often created from a combination of water and fats. Oils are pure fat and are the least likely to irritate your skin.

Gels can be created from water and either oils or fats.

Moisturizers work by sealing moisture into the skin. They are essential after you have washed your face to prevent it from drying out. Applying moisturizer in the morning will give your skin a healthy glow. Always make sure you wait for your moisturizer to soak in before applying make-up.

Ointments

Ointments are thicker than creams and often contain more medication. The most common types of ointment are antibacterial and anti-fungal and can be purchased without a prescription.

Exfoliators

Exfoliators often contain a mixture of beads or granules to slough away dead skin cells. They can come in the form of gels, lotions, creams or pads. Exfoliating your skin often is essential to remove dead skin cells that could clog your pores.

Sunscreens

Sunscreens can be in either in the form of gels, lotions or sprays. Sunscreens can be either chemical or physical blockers. They prevent the sun’s rays from damaging your skin by either reflecting or absorbing them.

Skin Protection

Skin protectants are usually made from a mixture of oils, fats and waxes. They often seal moisture in and prevent irritants getting in. Skin protectants can be made into ointments, creams or liniments.

How to take care of your skin

Sun protection

When you are young, your skin is more pliable and takes on sun damage better than when you get older. Always wear broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 every day. It doesn’t matter if it is cloudy or if it is the dead of winter, the sun’s rays can still harm your skin.

Moisturizing

When you get out of the shower, pat yourself dry and then apply a good moisturizer to your face. Try not to use very hot water when you are showering as this will strip the protective oils from your skin. Once you have applied your moisturizer you can then get dressed.

Exfoliating

You should exfoliate at least once a week to remove dead skin cells that can clog up your pores. You can buy exfoliating products from the pharmacy. Use them in the evenings as part of your usual skincare routine.

Skin protection

Applying a skin protectant ointment or cream will help keep your skin hydrated and prevent it from getting dry and cracked. These are often used for people with a high risk of getting skin tears, such as the elderly. They can be applied to any area of skin that is at risk of getting dry or getting a tear.

Hair Care

Hair is made up of dead cells that surround the layer of living cells which are found in your skin. They protect your scalp from the environment and help you feel less pain when you skin hits something. In the simplest terms, hair is like skin that grows from the top of your head.

The human hair growth cycle has three stages: the anagen, catagen and telogen phases.

In the anagen phase, your body grows new hair. Up to a hundred hairs in a given area can be growing at any one time during this phase lasting between two and eight years.

The catagen phase is the transition phase and only lasts one or two weeks. During this period, the hair root shrinks and eventually detaches from the stem.

The third and final phase is the telogen phase. The telogen phase lasts between two and four months. This is when the hair is at rest and will eventually fall out to make way for a new anagen phase to begin.

Hair usually grows all over the human body. Apart from the soles of your feet and the palms of your hands. The hair that grows on your head is called scalp hair or Ferrys hair.

Hair can have different textures. Some people have curlier hair than others while some people don’t have any at all.

The average hair has a diameter of 0.1mm and have a growth rate of 0.5mm per day.

The hair on your head can be between 5 cm and 10cm in length when fully grown.

Hair grows at the root and the rest is dead, or the hair would be too heavy to stay on your head!

Most people lose between 40 and 120 hairs per day. Babies lose up to 200 hairs per day.

People with light brown hair have the most hair with 90% being the maximum percentage of melanin. Blondes have 8%, redheads have 2-3% and people with black hair have the least with only 1%.

Although people with blond hair appear to lose more when they are young, people with black hair lose the most overall.

The average scalp has 100,000 hairs.

Eyebrows have the most hair with between 200 and 430.

Women usually have more hair than men.

Eyelashes grow at a rate of 0.08 mm per hour. This means that an eyelash on one eye will grow 0.016 mm in 16 hours.

The longest eyelash ever recorded was on a living person and measured 4.29 inches long. It belonged to Mrs Veronique Hawkins from USA.

A hair is not absorbed by the body if it is shorter than 0.5mm.

Hair can float because it is made up of keratin and has an air space around it.

Chinese writing shows that people have been tweezing eyebrows since at least 3000 BC.

The first beard trimmers were ropes with unevenly spaced metal discs along their length which was then drawn across the skin.

A hair is strong enough to support 0.04 grams.

Children are not born with any body hair except eyebrows and eyelashes.

Hair grows faster in water than in air.

The strongest hairs are those that grow on the chin, they can support over 0.1 pounds.

Eyebrows have their own set of muscles to help humans express their feelings through their eyes. Humans are the only animals with this ability.

The average human loses 40 – 120 hairs per day and grows between 25,000 and 100,000 hairs on their body.

It is possible to have too much hair. Hirsutism is where hair appears in places were it is normally not found on adults such as the chest or inside the lobe of the ear.

Some people have hair on their palms. This is a rare condition and is linked to a number of different medical conditions. These hairs are called ‘telogen effluvium’ hairs and shouldn’t be confused with ‘vellus hairs’, which are very small and fine, appearing on the skin in large numbers.

The fastest growing hair on the body is found inside the nose. It grows at a rate of 0.4 inches per month.

Eyelashes are the fastest growing hairs on the body. They can grow up to 0.02 inches a day or up to 15 inches per year.

The average human face carries 40 – 60 facial hairs.

A full head of hair contains thousands of hairs.

Over 50% of women have experienced hair loss by the age of 50. By the age of 70, two thirds of women experience hair loss to some degree.

Sources & references used in this article:

Dry Eye Blog by TND Eye – eyeeco.com

Treating Nighttime Dry Eye by WCND Eye – eyeeco.com

Treatment of non-inflamed obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction by an infrared warm compression device by E Goto, Y Monden, Y Takano, A Mori… – British Journal of …, 2002 – bjo.bmj.com