1. BONE SPUR: This condition occurs when there is a fracture or break in the bone which causes it to protrude from the skin.
It may occur due to trauma, such as falling down stairs, or due to other factors like sports injuries. A person with this condition will have pain and swelling along with redness and tenderness around the area where the bone protrudes from your skin. Sometimes it may not cause any symptoms until the bone becomes infected. If left untreated, the infection can spread to other parts of your body causing severe pain and even death.
2. BRUSK’S DISEASE: This disease is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus mutans that live in the small intestine (bowel).
They are commonly found in raw meat and vegetables. When these bacteria multiply they produce gas, which irritates the lining of the intestines. This irritation causes inflammation and pus production within the bowel wall. The pus then leaks out into the surrounding tissues of your body causing a painful lump in your abdomen.
3. CUTAN’S DISEASE: This is another type of bacterial infection known as bacteremia.
This disease is caused by a different type of bacteria called fusobacteria. It typically enters the body through a break or cut in the skin. In most cases they enter the body through the feet or toes. The most common way that this bacteria enters the body is by walking barefoot in the sand near the ocean and then sticking your feet into your mouth.
4. GANGLION: This is a small, tightly-encased collection of cells and nerves that is generally benign in nature.
It occurs due to the formation of nodules in the body due to repeated pressure or irritation. They can form anywhere within the body but are most common in the hands, feet, and along the spine. These growths can be treated by surgery.
5. GOUT: Gout is a medical condition that is caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood.
It can cause severe pain, redness, and swelling in the joints. The most common parts of the body that gout affects are the feet and ankles. It is more common in men than in women and usually starts between the ages of 30 to 50 years old.
6. INFECTION: A bone infection is an area of the bone that is infected by bacteria, viruses or other types of infection-causing pathogens.
There are two general types of bone infection: localized and systemic. A localized bone infection is when an area of a bone has been damaged due to injury or illness. Bacteria enter this opening and infect the interior of the bone causing pain and swelling. A systemic bone infection occurs when internal organs become infected and spread bacteria throughout your body.
These bacteria can then attack the bones causing pain, swelling and redness.
7. OSTEOARTHRITIS: This is a medical condition that is caused by the loss of cartilage in the joints.
Cartilage serves to protect the ends of bones from rubbing up against each other causing friction and pain. As people age, their bodies begin to lose this protective layer of cartilage making the bones more susceptible to friction and grinding against each other causing pain and swelling.
8. TETANUS: This is a very rare disease that can cause serious health problems such as muscle spasms, severe pains, and in some cases death.
It is caused by exposure to the bacterium clostridium tetani. The disease gets its name from one of its symptoms: muscle rigidity due to constant contraction of muscles. This contraction is usually only seen in people who are having a seizure.
9. SKIN TAG: A skin tag (also known as acrochordon) is a small, benign tumor that forms from excess skin and flesh.
They generally do not become cancerous, though they can become irritated or infected. They are most common in overweight people and diabetics. The tags most commonly occurs in areas where there is friction, such as the neck, armpits, and groin.
10. GALLSTONES: Gallstones are formed when bile becomes concentrated with cholesterol and other fats. Over time, these fats and cholesterol crystallize and solidify forming gallstones. If gallstones are small enough, they may pass through the intestines without being noticed.
If they are large or many in number, they can cause serious health problems such as intense pain in the upper right-hand side of the abdomen, fever, jaundice, excessive vomiting, and acute pancreatitis.
“The Trick To Remembering These ten medical conditions and diseases is to think of SOD (Single, Overweight, Diabetic) patients. All of these conditions/diseases primarily affect Single (S), Overweight (O), and Diabetic (D) patients. The first letter of each word corresponds with each condition.”
An example for s – single: A single man is more likely to develop skin tags due to lack of pressure against their body.
An example for o – overweight: Overweight people have an increased likelihood of developing many health problems, including gallstones.
An example for d – diabetic: Diabetes can cause many health problems and even lead to death depending on the patient.
An example for (s)ingle Overweight diabetic: A single, overweight diabetic person is more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy.
An example for (o)verweight: An overweight person is more likely to develop gallstones.
An example for (d)iabetic: A diabetic patient is more likely to develop skin tags.
An example for (s)ingle, (o)verweight, (d)iabetic: A single, overweight, diabetic patient is more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy.
An example for (s)ingle, (o)verweight(d)iabetic: A single, overweight, diabetic patient is more likely to develop skin tags.
An example for (s)ingle, (o)verweight, (d)iabetic(s)kin tag: A single, overweight, diabetic patient with skin tags is more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy.
Sources & references used in this article:
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Pulmonary metastasis from desmoid tumor of the foot by M Paramanandhan, A Kapoor, MK Singhal… – Clinical Cancer …, 2015 – ccij-online.org
Enriched rehabilitative training promotes improved forelimb motor function and enhanced dendritic growth after focal ischemic injury by J Biernaskie, D Corbett – Journal of Neuroscience, 2001 – Soc Neuroscience
Lumps and bumps around the foot and ankle: an assessment of frequency with ultrasound and MRI by A Ganguly, H Aniq, B Skiadas – Skeletal radiology, 2013 – Springer
Altered growth and branching patterns in synpolydactyly caused by mutations in HOXD13 by Y Muragaki, S Mundlos, J Upton, BR Olsen – Science, 1996 – science.sciencemag.org