6 Helpful First Aid Kits for Babies: Hospital Grade Baby First Aid Kit List
1) Baby Wipes – These are the most common items used in hospitals.
They have been around since ancient times. There are many different types of wipes available.
Some of them are alcohol based, some of them contain bleach, some of them use salt water solution etc… All these kinds of wipes will help in cleaning up your child’s wounds and preventing infection. You can buy these at any drug store or grocery store.
2) Bandaids – A bandage is a thin piece of material applied to the wound to stop bleeding.
They come in various sizes and shapes. The size of the bandage determines how much pressure it needs to apply to stop bleeding completely.
Most hospitals provide their own bandages which they keep in stock and you can purchase from them if needed. If you don’t want to go through the hassle of buying your own bandages, there are several online stores where you can get them.
3) Antiseptic Soap – This is another item that helps in stopping bleeding.
It contains ingredients such as alcohol, vinegar, iodine and other things. It is usually mixed with water to make a paste and then applied directly onto the wound.
You can buy antiseptic soap at any pharmacy or health food store.
4) Gauze – This is used in order to cover the wound and stop the bleeding.
A gauze can be made from cotton or even rayon. It is available in rolls, squares, sheets and more.
You can get these items easily at any pharmacy or grocery store.
5) Petroleum Jelly – This is an ointment used commonly in first aid treatment.
It helps in preventing the skin from getting dry or chapped. It can also be used as an antiseptic.
6) Bandage Scissors – This is a special type of scissors used in order to cut bandages or gauze in order to make them shaped properly for the wound.
You can get this item at any pharmacy.
7) Saline Solution – A saline solution helps in cleaning the wound and killing bacteria that may have gotten into the cut.
It is a combination of water and sodium chloride. It can be bought at any drug store or grocery store.
8) Alcohol Pads – These pads help in cleaning a wound by killing any bacteria around the cut.
They are usually made by with a mixture of alcohol and water. They can be used to disinfect the wound as well as dry it up.
9) Antibiotic Ointment – This is an ointment that helps in preventing infection inside the wound and on the surrounding skin.
It is made by a mixture of several antibiotics. You can buy it at a drug store.
10) Band-aids – As explained before, band-aids are used in order to cover a wound to stop it from getting any infection. They come in various sizes and shapes so you can choose the best one that suits your wound.
Your baby might need other supplies such as thermometers, baby nail clippers, medicine syringes etc… But all these items are best left to the professionals. If you want, you can get more information about them at your local drug store or just order them online.
Here’s a bonus item: Tylenol or Acetaminophen is good for fevers. It is sold over the counter in most countries.
The Different Types of Wounds
Not every wound is the same. There are several types of wounds and they need to be treated a certain way.
If you don’t know how to treat a particular wound, it is always better to over-treat rather than undertreat.
Abrasion – An abrasion is also known as a scrape or graze. This is when the top layer of your skin has been rubbed off by accident.
This type of wound is very common and usually doesn’t need any special treatment except cleaning and bandaging.
Abrasions can become infected if you don’t take care of them, so make sure to keep it clean and dry. It also helps to put some antibiotic ointment on it.
If the abrasion is severe, you may need to see a doctor.
Blisters – Blisters are soft areas of skin that have become filled with fluid. They are usually the result of friction, such as in between the toes or on the palm of your hand or foot from a new pair of shoes.
You can treat a blister by draining it and covering it up to keep it from becoming infected. A blister is a type of wound and should be treated as such.
Bone – If the skin isn’t broken but the bone is visible, then you have what is called a open fracture. This means that the bone has been broken into two or more pieces.
An open fracture needs to be addressed immediately in order to keep the exposed bone from causing an infection in your body. You should put direct pressure on the wound and then seek emergency help as soon as possible.
Gashes and Lacerations – A gash is a long wound that goes deeper than the top layer of skin. A laceration is a cut that has damaged the underlying tissue.
These wounds should be treated like any other wound and kept clean and dry. If you got the wound from an animal or person who had any kind of disease, you need to get it checked for infection.
Most deep wounds will require sutures (stitches) to keep them closed. These are usually done in an emergency room or doctor’s office.
You may need to get antibiotics as well. Check with your health care provider about whether or not you need an tetnus shot (tetnus is a disease caused by cnidaria, which are tiny jellyfish).
Scrapes and Scratches – A scrape is simply skin that has been rubbed off. It may be very shallow or somewhat deep but it does not go through the layer of skin below.
A scratch is simply an abrasion that is caused by something other than pavement or concrete. These can usually be treated at home with an antiseptic and a bandage.
Wounds That Should Be Seen By A Doctor
All wounds that are deep or have damaged the underlying tissue should be seen by a physician. The following are wounds that should be seen by a physician:
Wounds that gape open, no matter how little.
Wounds that cause you pain, no matter how minor.
Wounds that will not stop bleeding, no matter what you do.
Wounds that are the result of a human or animal bite.
Wounds that are larger than a half dollar.
Wounds that are jagged or have torn skin.
Wounds that are around a joint (elbows, knees, ankles etc).
Wounds that are around your head or an injury to your head.
Wounds that are around your feet or an injury to your feet.
Wounds that occur after an accident.
Wounds that have hit an artery.
Wounds that have been contaminated with feces, soil or vomit (even if it is your own).
Wounds that have been contaminated with chemicals or other hazardous materials.
Wounds that have been contaminated with unclean water.
Wounds that have embedded objects in them.
Wounds that have silver objects in them.
Wounds that you just don’t know how you got!
It is important to seek medical attention for any wound that requires it. Depending on the situation, you may have an infection and not even know it.
Even a small infection can lead to a large problem if left untreated.
Also, never hesitate to seek medical attention if you are not sure if what you have is an emergency or not or if you don’t know what it is at all. If you are not sure, it is better to get yourself checked out just in case.
You don’t want to find out the hard way that what you thought was a cold turned out to be cancer!
Dressing Your Wounds
You can’t very well go running around with an open wound and expect it to heal. You need to cover the wound somehow while it’s healing.
There are many types of bandages and other wound dressings used to treat open wounds. It is a good idea to have several types in your first aid kit.
Types of Bandages
The type of wound you have will determine the type of bandage that should be used. There are several different types of bandages:
Butterfly Bandage – This is the smallest and most popular bandage used on wounds. They are packed in a container so that you can easily carry them in a backpack or first aid kit.
These should be in any good first aid kit.
Rolled Bandage – This is a longer bandage usually made of cloth that is used to cover and dress wounds on the arms or legs.
Stretch Bandage – These are rubber bands that can be wrapped around a limb to keep the dressing and bandages in place. They can also be used to help hold broken bones in place.
Eye Pad – This is a small round bandage that is used to cover and protect an injured area such as a wound or abrasion. They can be used for other things such as protecting sensitive areas around the eyes from irritation.
Wound Dressing – These are sterile pads that are used to dress wounds. They come in different sizes and should be kept sterile until ready to use.
Adhesive Bandage – These are small bandages that contain a layer of an adhesive. They can be easily used to cover small cuts and scrapes.
Alcohol Swabs – This is a swab saturated with isopropyl alcohol that is used to clean the skin around a wound.
Gauze Roll – This is a roll of gauze that is wrapped around a hard or flexible tube so it can be easily carried in a kit. They are used to cover large wounds and help to absorb blood and bodily fluids.
Gauze Packets – These are packets of sterile gauze that is used to cover wounds and help to absorb blood and bodily fluids.
Paper Tape – Paper tape is a paper-based alternative to traditional cloth-based tape. It can be easily torn and wrapped around a wound to hold the bandages in place.
Elastic Strip – This is a rubber band-like device that is wrapped around a limb or chest to help keep pressure on a wound to help stop the bleeding.
Medical Glue – These are medicated compounds containing cyanoacrylate that is used to close minor wounds. They are very useful for treating wounds on top of the hands and feet where stitches aren’t an option.
Cleansing Solution – These are solutions that can be used to clean dirt and debris from a wound. They can also be used to alleviate burning and stinging sensations.
Pain Reliever – These are drugs that relieve pain and can help relax the body. Certain types should not be mixed with other types of drugs so be sure to read the label before taking any medication out of your first aid kit.
Antibiotic – These are drugs that kill bacteria on the skin or in the blood. They can fight infection caused by cuts and wounds.
Anti-Inflammatory – These are drugs that reduce swelling, redness, and pain caused by inflammation.
Sterile Bandage – These are sterile bandages that are packaged and sealed for single use. They should not be reused.
Tourniquet – These are devices that can be used to help control severe bleeding in the case of a traumatic injury. They should only be used as a last result and when proper medical attention will be received immediately after.
Digital Thermometer – This is a thermometer that can be used to take a reading of a person’s body temperature.
Throat Lozenge – These are lozenges that sooth and coat the throat. They can help reduce the pain and swelling in the throat which can help with breathing as well as speaking.
Aspirin – These pills reduce pain, fever, and inflammation.They should not be used by people who have had an allergic reaction to these pills in the past or who suffer from asthma, unless advised to by a doctor.
Antihistamine – These pills reduce the effects of allergies by blocking the effects of histamine within the body. They can help reduce swelling and inflammation caused by reactions.
There are two different ways to create first aid kits that can be made ahead of time or at the site of need. The first way is to create a “fixed” first aid kit.
This is a kit that is intended to be used in one particular location or vehicle and not moved from it. These are often found in fixed sites such as industrial buildings and are usually designed for the general public to use. They may also be found in vehicles such as boats, planes, and other places where they can be used in the event of an emergency.
The second way to make a kit is a “portable” one. This is a kit that is designed for one or multiple people to use over a short period of time.
A person may carry this in their day pack, or multiple people may share and carry portions of the first aid kit in a larger bag. This type of first aid kit is what you will most likely be using during your time on watch.
Regardless of which type of kit you choose to make, the same concept is true for both. The supplies you put in a first aid kit should be lightweight, compact, and useful.
The supplies you do not need should not be put into the first aid kit because it will only serve to make the kit too bulky to be practical for carrying around. You can also save money on bandages and other supplies as well by using the packaging from things you have purchased from the store. Most of the time the plastic bags and cardboard boxes that things are packaged in can be washed out and used as a container for a first aid kit.
Your first aid kit should be kept clean, up to date, and easily accessible. It should also be restocked as needed.
Most of the contents do not last forever so it is important to check the supplies regularly and replace what has been used. You can’t very well help someone out if you don’t have the supplies needed to do so.
The body’s natural response to injury is to clump blood in the center of the injury site in order to stop the bleeding. This causes a bulge in the skin which you can see, thus the reason why people form a limp “bruise” or discoloration around an injury.
In order to treat a person’s injury, the first thing you need to do is stabilize the injured area. Stop any bleeding and keep the area immobile while your patient gets proper medical attention.
You shouldn’t move someone with a suspected neck or back injury unless it is absolutely necessary. If they do need to be moved, the best way to do so is to gently lift them and carry them.
DO NOT drag them since this can cause more damage to their spine and internal organs. Instead, lift them from either their underarms or thighs, keeping their legs straight and their body supported. You should also avoid placing pressure on their back or head.
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Child Development: Day Care: Health services; a guide for project directors and health personnel, by AF North, Jr.(no.(OCD) 72-4) by United States. Office of Child Development – 1971 – books.google.com
First aid kit with speech, music, or instructional sound emission by EK Allen, GE Cowdery – 2014 – Nelson Education
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The long-term evaluation of a behavioral treatment program for child molesters by D Elkind – 2009 – Da Capo Lifelong Books