10-Panel Drug Test: What to Expect
What is a 10 Panel Drug Test?
A 10 panel drug test is one of the most common tests used by law enforcement agencies. A 10 panel drug test screens for various drugs including marijuana, cocaine, heroin, amphetamines (speed), ecstasy and other illegal substances. It also detects certain prescription medications such as anti-depressants and pain killers.
The testing procedure involves taking several samples from different parts of your body, which are then analyzed by a machine. If any sample comes back positive for a prohibited substance, the result will be reported to the police.
How Does It Work?
When you take a drug test, it is done through two types of machines. One type analyzes your blood or urine; while another analyzes some other bodily fluid such as saliva or hair follicles. These fluids are collected after you have urinated or drunk something. The first type of machine looks for specific chemicals in your blood or urine. When these chemicals come up positive, the test is considered positive.
Your second option is to submit a sample of bodily fluid such as saliva, sweat, tears or hair follicles. This type of test examines the fluid inside your body called secretions (or secretory phase). When this test is complete, the fluid is checked for the presence of any illegal drugs.
What Does It Screen For?
A 10-panel drug test is a basic test used to detect the following:
Amphetamine (Speed, Benzedrine, NBOMe)
Cannabinoids (MJ, Weed, THC)
Cocaine (Coke, Flake, Crack)
Opiates (Heroin, Opium, Morphine)
Propoxyphene (Darvon, Darvocet)
Traces of Opiates and Cocaine
The first 7 are typical drugs that are used recreationally. The other two substances, Methadone and Traces of Opiates and Cocaine, are specific drugs that are used for medical purposes. A common medication such as codeine will test positive for opiate traces.
Who Takes This Test?
This test is used mainly for law enforcement officials, entry-level jobs, and court-ordered mandates. If you are looking for a job in the law enforcement field such as a security guard or police officer, you may need to submit to this test as part of your mandatory process. In some states, all jobs that involve working around children require that employees take this test.
What’s The Window Of Detection?
Most of the drugs have a short detection period. For example, Marijuana and Hashish can show up in your system for up to 4 weeks after usage. Methamphetamine and Amphetamine can be detected in your system for 1 to 3 days after usage.
However, other drugs such as PCP and Codeine can show up on your test result for much longer periods of time.
How Is It Administered?
In most cases, the test is used as part of a law enforcement investigation and is ordered to be taken at a medical facility or hospital. You will need to submit a sample of your urine, blood or saliva. The sample is then sent to a lab for testing. The results are usually available within 1-2 days.
What Do The Results Mean?
Pass: If your test results come back negative for all of the above substances, this is a pass. You pass the test. Negative: If some, but not all, of the substances are detected in your sample, this is a negative result. It does not necessarily mean that you consumed one of these substances, but rather there was an error with the test or there is a chance contamination occurred during collection.
For example, you may have consumed a small amount of marijuana or PCP. This does not necessarily mean you are a drug abuser, but it should be investigated further. It is possible that the test results can be due to certain over the counter or health supplement products as well.
It is also normal for some labs to pick up trace amounts of certain substances that are naturally occurring in your body, such as nicotine or caffeine and report them as an error.
How To Pass A Drug Test: The Top 3 Methods
Here are the most effective ways to pass a drug test.
It is important to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water before, during and after your test. Sip water often as you wait for your test time to arrive. Also, it is a good idea to sip on some water right before you head into the testing facility.
On the day of your test, be sure to drink at least 2 glasses (16 oz) of water 2 hours before you submit your sample. This will help to dilute your urine and decrease the likelihood of it testing positive for THC or other drugs.
If possible, try to use a brand new container to collect your sample. Fill the container up all the way. This will help to prevent any unnecessary spills. Label the container as required.
Try to relax before handing over your sample. Stress can trigger hormonal changes in your body and cause your urine to be diluted. Therefore, try to practice deep breathing and keep yourself calm before entering the testing facility.
How Long Does Marijuana Stay In Your System?
We often get asked: how long does weed stay in your system?
Unfortunately, there is no exact answer to that question. Everyone metabolizes THC (Marijuana’s main active ingredient) at a different rate. Factors such as your weight, metabolism, diet, stress levels and frequency of use can all affect how long it stays in your system.
In most cases, Marijuana can show up on a test result for up to 12 weeks after your last consumption. Keep in mind that marijuana stays in your fat cells and can be detected by certain tests even longer than 12 weeks. Other drugs such as cocaine, PCP, and amphetamines can be detected in your system for only 1-5 days after consumption.
We cannot possibly list every possible drug test and how long each drug takes to get out of your system. This is something you will need to research yourself or consult with a medical professional. If you are concerned about a specific test, it is best to call ahead and ask the testing facility what to expect. This way you can prepare yourself accordingly.
Common Myths and Truths About Passing a Drug Test
There is a lot of misinformation about how to pass a drug test floating around out there. We are here to separate the facts from the fiction.
Myth: Drinking lots of water will help you to pass your test.
This is one of the biggest myths about how to pass a drug test. Drinking excessive amounts of water will actually make your sample invalid. This is because urine tests are designed to detect if you are diluting your sample. Drinking excessive amounts of fluids speeds up your metabolism and causes your body to excrete waste quicker than normal.
If you drink too much water, the testing facility will know that you are trying to manipulate the results and your test will be cancelled.
Myth: Cranberry juice is great for cleansing your system and will help you pass.
While cranberry juice is great for your urinary tract, it is not going to help you pass a drug test. It will not have any effect on a urine test at all. It has no special properties that will help to mask banned substances within your sample.
If you are looking for something to mask the color of your urine, try drinking lots of water instead.
Myth: You can pass a hair test by shaving your hair.
While this is true, most employers are not going to bother making you shave your head before testing. Hair tests look for the presence of drugs in your hair, not the absence of it. As long as you have some trace amount of drugs in your hair, you will fail the test.
If you really want to ensure you pass a hair test, you need to cut your hair very short. This is the only way to be sure that there is not enough hair for the lab to test. However, as we mentioned above, this is not something you need to worry about.
Myth: You can pass a drug test by self-administering a detoxification agent.
Detox drinks and other cleansing products have repeatedly been proven to be medically ineffective. This is due to the fact that your body naturally flushes out toxins and foreign substances all the time. Even if these kits did work as advertised, you would be defeating the entire purpose of the test which is to determine a baseline of your natural toxins levels.
Passing a drug test is serious business and should not be taken lightly. If you are concerned about a potential drug test, consult with your employer, the testing facility, or a medical professional ahead of time to go over your options and to prepare yourself.
Sources & references used in this article:
Repeated thrombosis after synthetic cannabinoid use by A Raheemullah, TN Laurence – The Journal of emergency medicine, 2016 – Elsevier
Hair analysis versus conventional methods of drug testing in substance abusers seeking organ transplantation by DL Haller, MC Acosta, D Lewis… – American Journal of …, 2010 – Wiley Online Library
Multiplicity in randomised trials I: endpoints and treatments by KF Schulz, DA Grimes – The Lancet, 2005 – Elsevier
Blockade of 2, 4-dinitrophenol induced ATP sensitive potassium current in guinea pig ventricular myocytes by class I antiarrhythmic drugs by B Wu, T Sato, T Kiyosue, M Arita – Cardiovascular research, 1992 – academic.oup.com
Smarter student drug testing by RL DuPont, H Graves – Rockville, MD: Institute for …, 2005 – randomstudentdrugtesting.org
The effect of prescription drug monitoring programs on opioid utilization in Medicare by TC Buchmueller, C Carey – American Economic Journal: Economic …, 2018 – aeaweb.org