What You Need to Know About Osseous Surgery, Also Known as Pocket Reduction
Osseous surgery is a surgical operation performed on the bones of the spine or vertebrae. The bone is removed through a small incision made in the skin. There are many different types of osseous surgeries including:
The most common type of osseous surgery used today is called pocket reduction. It involves cutting out part of the vertebral body (the lower back) to relieve pressure on the spinal cord. This reduces the risk of stroke and other neurological problems associated with high blood pressure caused by a buildup of fluid in your brain.
Pocket reduction surgery may reduce symptoms such as numbness, tingling, weakness or paralysis in one or both legs due to degenerative nerve diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS).
It may help patients with osteoporosis, which affects the ability of bones to grow new bone tissue.
If done properly, it can even improve balance and coordination. Some studies have shown that it may prevent falls and fractures.
In some cases, it’s possible that pocket reduction surgery could lead to a partial or complete recovery of movement in parts of the arms and hands, although there is no evidence yet that this happens often.
Before pocket reduction can begin, your surgeon must first sever the link between the brain and the part of your body that is sending incorrect signals. This process is called decortication or deconnection. It involves making a small cut (decortication) in the nerves in your neck.
Once this is done, your surgeon can safely perform the pocket reduction.
Sources & references used in this article:
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Surgical and nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Learned and unlearned concepts by LJA Heitz‐Mayfield, NP Lang – Periodontology 2000, 2013 – Wiley Online Library
Periodontal diseases by DF Kinane, PG Stathopoulou… – Nature Reviews Disease …, 2017 – nature.com
Osseous resection—a basic principle in periodontal surgery by S Schluger – Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral …, 1949 – oooojournal.net