What causes itchy throat and ears?
Itching or burning sensations are one of the most common symptoms experienced by patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). AR is a group of symptoms which include: hives; watery eyes; runny nose; sore throat, and sometimes chest pain. These symptoms occur when certain substances react with the body’s immune system. The main cause of these symptoms is a reaction between the body’s white blood cells and allergens found on the skin.
The most common culprits are dust mites, mold spores, pollen, animal dander, and other airborne irritants. However, some people experience symptoms even if they have no exposure to such things. For example, children may develop hives after being exposed to cowpox or chicken pox viruses.
Symptoms usually begin within minutes to hours of contact with the offending substance. They typically last from a few days up to several weeks. If left untreated, they can lead to severe complications including asthma attacks, pneumonia, and even death.
How do I know if my child has itchy throat?
Children tend to have itchy throats more than adults because their bodies are still developing and their respiratory systems aren’t fully developed yet. It’s also common for children to have earaches in addition to itchy throats.
Some signs that your child is suffering from an itchy throat are persistent coughing, wheezing or a whistling sound when breathing, trouble swallowing, and fever with no other symptoms. Although it’s not common, some children may experience diarrhea and vomiting. In medical terms, this is called anaphylaxis and requires immediate medical attention.
How can I ease the itchy throat?
There are many treatment options for children with an itchy throat. If the cause is a virus, then doctors usually favor letting the immune system take care of it because there’s nothing that can be done to cure a viral infection.
If allergies are the cause, then an antihistamine can be taken orally or applied externally to decrease the skin’s reaction. In more extreme cases, a child may have to take an epinephrine injection if they’re experiencing a severe allergic reaction.
Most people recover from an itchy throat in a matter of weeks. In some cases, symptoms may persist for months causing a person to feel generally unwell. It is best to consult your doctor whenever symptoms last for more than a few weeks.
Itchy throat treatments
There are a few treatment options for relieving an itchy throat. You can take over-the-counter or prescription antihistamines that can be taken orally or applied externally for skin rashes. If you experience nausea or vomiting, the CDC recommends taking an antihistamine by mouth. If this doesn’t work, you should seek medical attention.
In some cases, a person may have to be hospitalized.
Some people who have allergies or other medical conditions that cause an itchy throat may need to take long-term treatment, such as immunotherapy. It’s extremely important to never discontinue or alter your prescribed medication without speaking to a physician first because allergic reactions can be severe and life-threatening.
It’s also important to drink plenty of fluids and get rest. Other measures, such as gargling with salt water or using over-the-counter lotions or sprays, may slightly relieve the symptoms but are not proven to make a significant difference and should only be used as a last resort.
A person who has had an itchy throat for more than two weeks should see a physician right away for proper diagnosis and treatment, which may include prescription or over-the-counter medication or hospitalization.
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