How to Tell Whether You Were Bitten by a Bedbug or Mosquito

Bed Bug Bite Pictures

The picture above shows a bite of the bed bug (Cimex lectularius). They are small white insects with long legs and antennae. Their bodies are yellowish brown and they have two pairs of wings. There are many types of them, but most commonly found in North America.

They are very tiny and hard to see. The best way to identify them is by their size and coloration.

Bed Bugs are not dangerous unless bitten directly by one of these little buggers. If you get bit by a bed bug, it will cause no discomfort except mild itching for several days after the bite occurs. These little pests feed on human blood, which causes the symptoms described above.

A bed bug bite usually starts off with a slight burning sensation. After that, the pain becomes intense and lasts anywhere between 24 hours to three weeks. Then comes swelling around the area where the bite occurred. Some people experience itching, redness, and even some swelling during this time period too.

Itching is caused by a reaction of your body’s immune system against foreign substances in your skin cells called antigens. Itching can vary from mild to severe and can be treated with over the counter antihistamines. These tablets can be taken orally or applied directly to the skin.

If you want to avoid these symptoms in the future, it is important to be able to recognize the signs of a bed bug infestation and how to get rid of them. You can easily identify a bed bug bite by looking for the symptoms described above and comparing them to your own bite marks.

Mosquito Bite Pictures

A mosquito bite is a skin irritation caused by the bite of a mosquito. It can take any form of swelling, redness, itchiness, or a small bump at the location of the bite. You may have multiple bites from a single mosquito.

It may be difficult to identify a mosquito bite because they tend to look like other insect bites. They sometimes resemble the bite of a flea or even a spider. However, bed bugs and fleas do not typically infest homes like mosquitoes do and spider bites are usually located more on the hands and legs than anywhere else.

Common mosquito bite pictures show red bumps on the skin that may itch. These bites are mostly on the ankles, feet, hands, and arms. Children tend to get bitten around the head and face because they play outdoors and have less resistance to mosquito bites due to their still developing immune systems.

The most effective way to avoid mosquito bites is by preventing mosquito infestations in your yard. Keep water away from your home. Dispose of any standing water. Cover trash cans so that mosquitoes cannot breed in them.

Use mosquito repellent on the skin or coils that produce chemicals that mosquitoes do not like.

Getting rid of mosquitoes from your environment is the best way to avoid mosquito bites and the diseases they carry. If you want to keep your skin from being irritated, however, the best way to treat mosquito bites is by not scratching them and keeping the area clean. Over-the-counter anti-itch creams can help with this too.

Scabies Pictures

Scabies is another skin infection caused by a tiny mite that burrows into your skin and lays eggs. The most common symptoms of scabies are itching, especially at night, and a pimple-like rash.

Scabies mites lay their eggs in the seams of your skin. They prefer areas where clothing or other objects frequently rub against the skin. Therefore, the most common areas for infestation are between the fingers, wrists, and knees. The face, neck, hands, and feet are also common areas for scabies to occur in.

The skin under and around these mite-infested areas swells slightly and develops tiny, red bumps that resemble pimples. The itching of the rash is usually most severe at night. The redness and swelling can sometimes become quite bad.

The best way to get rid of scabies mites is with the help of a prescription medication. This is because the medicine must be applied thoroughly to all areas that may be infected or infested. Scrubbing the skin will help remove dead skin cells where the mites might be hiding. You may also need to scrub your sheets, bedding, and clothing.

Some insect repellents and oils can be used to treat scabies mite infestations of the skin. However, these should never be applied to the face or around the eyes.

I highly recommend you seek medical attention if you believe you have scabies. Your doctor will perform a visual inspection of your skin to see if you have scabies mites. He or she may also scrape off a small piece of skin and examine it under a microscope. Once you begin treatment for scabies, it is important that you get all family members and sexual partners treated at the same time to avoid spreading the infestation to others.

Fungal Infections

The cause of fungal infections is quite simple: fungus. There are several different types of fungus that can infect your skin. Each of these fungus have their own special way of infesting the skin and reproducing.

The symptoms of fungal skin infections are quite similar to other types of itchy skin conditions. The main difference between fungal and non-fungal skin conditions is how long the itching lasts. Most fungal skin infections last for several weeks or months without treatment, but other types of itchy skin conditions last only a few days or weeks.

The best ways to treat a fungal skin infection are through anti-fungal medication and over-the-counter anti-itch creams. Severe fungal infections may require a prescription medication or a visit to your family doctor.

Jock Itch

Also known as tinea cruris, jock itch is the most common type of fungal skin infection in men. It occurs when clothing or towels become unclean and contaminated with the fungus.

The main symptom of jock itch is severe itching around the genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. The rash and blisters may also be accompanied by burning, redness, or dryness.

In healthy men who do not have diabetes, a common treatment for jock itch is over-the-counter anti-fungal medications. Men with diabetes may need to make a doctor’s visit to get prescription medication.

Ringworm

More commonly known as tinea corporis, or “ringworm,” this fungal skin infection is named after the distinctive red ring that it causes on the skin. In rare cases, the infection can also cause raised red spots without a ring. These fungal rashes are more common in children than in adults.

Tinea corporis is most commonly caused by ringworm, a common type of fungus. The fungus can spread from one person to another or from the infected skin of an animal to a human.

The most common symptom of tinea corporis is the appearance of a red ring with raised, itchy spots inside. The condition typically begins as a small red patch that slowly spreads until it has formed a complete ring. There may also be tiny blisters inside or outside of the ring.

The treatment for tinea corporis is over-the-counter or prescription anti-fungal creams or pills. Your doctor will most likely give you a topical anti-fungal cream to apply to the rash twice a day until the condition clears up. In some cases, the condition may spread beyond the original ring shape and involve large portions of the skin. In these cases, your doctor may also prescribe an anti-fungal pill to take by mouth.

Fungal Nail Infections

Not as common as fungal skin infections, fungal nail infections (onychomycosis) are caused by a fungus that attacks and infects one’s toenails or fingernails. Onychomycosis most commonly affects toenails, but it can also occur in the fingernails.

The most common symptom of a fungal nail infection is an odd color change in the nail. You may notice your nail becoming white, black, or green. It may also become thicker than usual or begin to crumble at the sides. The worst symptom of a fungal nail infection is severe pain.

This pain often occurs when wearing shoes and is usually felt most intensely with pressure at the sides of the affected nails.

A common treatment for toenail fungal nail infections is antifungal medication. The best way to treat the infection is to apply the medication into the infected nail. If the infection is more severe, your doctor may choose to give you a prescription that can be taken orally.

Jock Itch vs. Ringworm vs. Fungal Nail Infection

Jock Itch Ringworm Fungal Nail Infection Causes. Jock itch is caused by the same fungus that causes ringworm. Fungal nail infections are most commonly caused by athlete’s foot. Risk Factors.

Men who wear tight, confining clothing are at risk of developing jock itch–especially men who participate in sweat-inducing activities like running or exercise. Anyone who comes into contact with an infected person can develop ringworm. Anyone, regardless of gender or physical activity level, can develop a fungal nail infection if they come into contact with the fungus. Persons at Risk. Anyone who comes into contact with someone who has jock itch can contract it. Anyone who frequently wears tight-fitting clothing and then sweats profusely in those clothes is at risk of developing jock itch. Anyone who comes into contact with the fungus that causes athlete’s foot has a risk of developing ringworm. Anyone who walks around barefoot in areas where athlete’s foot is common or who wears ill-fitting shoes can develop athlete’s foot. Children are at higher risk of developing ringworm. Anyone who comes into contact with the fungus that causes nail fungus (which is usually acquired by walking barefoot in public areas) has a risk of developing a fungal nail infection Symptoms. Jock itch causes a rashy, red patch to form where skin has been subjected to moisture and warmth–such as in the folds of the skin in one’s inner thighs. Jock itch looks like a fairly standard skin rash and can be treated like any other rash. Ringworm, as its name suggests, causes a skin lesion to form in the shape of a ring. Nail fungus causes the infected nail to thicken and become discolored. Diagnosis. Your doctor can diagnose jock itch by examining the rash. A fungal culture can be taken of the rash to confirm the presence of ringworm. If a fungal nail infection is suspected, your doctor may slit the nail open and take a look at what’s going on in there. Diagnosis for nail fungus is made by its appearance alone. Treatment. Antifungal cream is usually sufficient to clear up jock itch. Antifungal pills are necessary to treat ringworm. Antifungal pills are the most common treatment for fungal nail infections.

Most common: Jock Itch and Fungal Nail Infections

Jock Itch is most common among men and boys between the ages of 10 and 30. Fungal nail infections are most common among men and boys over the age of 40 who have been suffering from athlete’s foot for quite some time. Ringworm is most common among children under the age of 10.

Most rare: Ringworm

Ringworm used to be much more common before the invention of modern antibiotics. Thanks to these miracle drugs, there has been a significant drop in the number of ringworm infections over the years.

Treatment for Jock Itch

Jock itch is treated with antifungal cream, powder, or pills.

Treatment for Ringworm

Ringworm is treated with antifungal pills or liquid medication.

Treatment for Fungal Nail Infection

Fungal nail infection is treated with topical and/or systemic (through the blood) antifungals.

When to See a Doctor

You should see a doctor if you think you have ringworm. You should also seek immediate treatment for jock itch or fungal nail infection if you’re suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system.

Prognosis

If treated, all of these conditions can be cured.

Facts

· Jock itch is also called tinea cruris .

· The word “tinea” is a general name for fungal skin diseases.

· Athlete’s foot is a type of tinea pedis , or tinea of the foot.

By yourself: Try over-the-counter antifungal creams or see a doctor.

With a friend:

1) See a doctor together and make a day of it.

2) Go to a pharmacy together.

What would you do?

You should see a doctor. You’ll probably need to pick up an antifungal medication, so you might as well go together and commiserate about having such a fungal problem.

With a friend: Go to a pharmacy together.

Sources & references used in this article:

Bed bugs: What the GP needs to know by SL Doggett, R Russell – Australian family physician, 2009 – search.informit.com.au

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) and clinical consequences of their bites by J Goddard, R deshazo – Jama, 2009 – jamanetwork.com

Bed bugs: clinical relevance and control options by SL Doggett, DE Dwyer, PF Peñas… – Clinical Microbiology …, 2012 – Am Soc Microbiol

Insect bite reactions by S Singh, BK Mann – Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and …, 2013 – ijdvl.com