How to Identify and Treat a Hyperextended Elbow?
Hyperextended Elbow Treatment:
1) If there are no other symptoms then it means that your elbow is not hyperextending.
You have normal range of motion. You may need some strengthening exercises to keep your strength up.
There are many exercises which will strengthen your muscles around the joint (elbows, wrists, shoulders).
2) If there are other symptoms then it means that your elbow is hyperextending.
You have abnormal range of motion or pain. You may need surgery to correct the problem.
Surgery is usually done if the condition persists after rest and rehabilitation. Your doctor will prescribe a specific type of surgery depending upon how much damage has been done to your joint and what kind of recovery time you expect from the procedure.
3) If you do not want any surgery, then you may opt for a non-surgical therapy.
These therapies include ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy and laser treatments. Physical Therapy is the most effective way to treat hyperextended elbow.
It helps prevent further injury and improve function of the joint. Laser treatments are used when there is no improvement with physical therapy or if the joint does not respond well to physical therapy treatment. Ice packs and stretching exercises are used when a patient experiences pain. Elbow braces are used in all types of elbow injuries especially after an injury to the elbow. You can use the elbow brace while performing activities that involve a lot of elbow movement or you may also wear it in the day to day life.
4) It is also important to know the types of elbow braces.
They all provide different types of support. They can be classified by the place where they are applied or by the type of injury they protect against.
5) Anterior elbow pain- these are the most common types of elbow injuries which affect the front part of the joint.
Hyperextension and sprains are two kinds of anterior elbow injuries. A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments.
These types of injuries affect the inside of the elbow and are usually caused by falls, direct blows or sometimes an awkward fall on the arm. It is important to immediately apply ice and seek medical attention as soon as possible as these types of injuries can cause permanent damage if left untreated for long.
Sources & references used in this article:
Quantifying elbow extension and elbow hyperextension in cricket bowling: a case study of Jenny Gunn by MA King, MR Yeadon – Journal of sports sciences, 2012 – Taylor & Francis
A technique to determine proper pin placement of crossed pins in supracondylar fractures of the elbow by RAK Reynolds, R Mirzayan – Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 2000 – journals.lww.com
Hyperextension trauma to the elbow: radiological and ultrasonographic evaluation in handball goalkeepers by N Popovic, R Lemaire – British journal of sports medicine, 2002 – bjsm.bmj.com
Clinical Decision Making Associated with Persistent Lateral Elbow Pain: A Case Study by C Poppe – 2019 – ir.uiowa.edu
The Elbow in Relation to Musculoskeletal Medicine by RM Ellis, MA Hutson – Journal of Orthopaedic Medicine, 2004 – Taylor & Francis