Anatomy of an Anus:
The Anatomy of a Hemorrhoids:
Hemorrhoids are small, round, flat or raised bumps on your rectum. They usually appear during puberty and continue to grow throughout life. There are two types of hemorrhoids – internal and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoid occurs when there is tissue from the lining of the colon (large intestine) inside the rectum. External hemorrhoids occur when the tissues around the veins and arteries in your body protrude through the skin into your rectum.
Internal hemorrhoids are caused by bacteria or viruses that enter your body via stool, urine, vomit or other fluids. These may include parasites such as Giardia, Cryptosporidium and Salmonella; yeast infections like Candida albicans; certain medications such as antibiotics; pregnancy; childbirth; smoking cigarettes or marijuana use. External hemorrhoids are not contagious and do not cause any symptoms. Internal hemorrhoids can become infected with bacteria, fungi or viruses. Infection causes pain, burning sensation and swelling of the affected area. They can also cause bleeding or discharge of mucus and pus from the rectum. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is very important to seek a physician’s help right away to prevent long-lasting complications of the disease. There are plenty of treatments available for hemorrhoids such as ointments, pills, suppositories, inflatable cushions or laser therapy.
Anal skin tags or hemorrhoids are small lumps of skin that protrude from the opening of the rectum. They can also be called apthous ulcers. These lumps are usually painless but can bleed if they get a little bumped around. Skin tags are not contagious and cannot be transmitted through any form of contact. They usually form as a result of wear and tear to the opening of the rectum or from irritating materials that pass through the area.
Skin tags are usually small, brownish in colour and have a smooth appearance. Skin tags can be itchy or painful and can bleed spontaneously. They also have a tendency to recur in the same area after they are removed. Skin tags that are in the early stages may be treated with creams or ointments, or cauterisation so they can fall off after they have healed. If the skin tag is located deeper inside the rectum and cannot be reached by any of these methods, it may have to be removed with surgery.
How Are Anal Skin Tags Identified and Removed?
Skin tags can occur anywhere on your body except your lips and within your mouth. Anal skin tags are a common occurrence for many people and there is no reason to worry as long as they are not accompanied by any other symptoms. There are a few different ways to identify and treat your condition.
Skin tags can be removed at home with over the counter creams or ointments that contract the skin and cause the tag to fall off on its own within a couple days. If you are experiencing pain or discomfort then you should see a doctor immediately. Do not try to remove the skin tag yourself if it is in an area that cannot be easily reached, in this case you should consult a physician.
There are various medical treatments for skin tags that your family doctor can perform. The most common treatment is cauterisation, where the doctor applies a hot iron to the skin tag and burns it off. Your doctor may also use liquid nitrogen to freeze the skin tag and make it fall off on its own. Laser treatment is a more recent and less invasive way to treat skin tags by using a strong beam of laser light to burn the skin tag off. Your doctor can also cut the skin tag off, sew it up with dissolvable stitches or use liquid nitrogen to freeze the skin tag and allow it to fall off on its own.
These procedures are fairly simple for the doctor to perform and they will have the tag off of you and healing in no time.
Following these simple steps can help you treat your skin tags whether you choose to remove them yourself or have a doctor do it for you.
Anal bleeding can be caused by hemorrhoids, an infection, trauma or other conditions. Here are some tips on how you can treat the problem at home and when you should consult a physician.
How to Stop Anal Bleeding at Home
The first thing you should do is determine what is causing your bleeding. You can do this by looking at the blood.
Bright red blood that flows steadily means you have an active hemorrhoid and the blood is flowing from a vein. If the blood is dark and flows slowly, then the cause is most likely a capillary (little holes where arteries turn into veins). If the blood dries black then there is a good chance that fat or muscle is leaking into the blood. Black blood is coming from dead tissue.
If you notice bright red blood with clots, this usually means your hemorrhoid has prolapsed which means it has slipped out of your body. If you see dark or black blood without clots, then it is very possible that the blood is originating from your bowel (intestines). The dark blood is originating from tissue that is dying. This can be very serious and must be treated by a physician right away.
After determining the cause of the bleeding you should treat your hemorrhoid (if one is present) accordingly. If you have multiple hemorrhoids or one that keeps recurring, you should see a doctor about having them removed.
If it turns out that the bleeding is not caused by a hemorrhoid, then you must seek medical attention right away.
How to Prevent Anal Bleeding
Here are some tips on how to prevent hemorrhoids and other forms of bleeding in the rear end:
1. Maintain a healthy diet to ensure that your bowel movements (defecation) are soft and painless.
This can help reduce the strain on your body especially as you age.
2. If you smoke, stop.
Smoking has been scientifically proven to make hemorrhoids worse.
3. If you have a job that requires you to sit a lot, get up every 30 minutes and walk around.
This will help the blood flow through your body and keep your hemorrhoids from acting up.
4. Check your stool for blood or any signs of it.
If you see it, consult a doctor immediately as this is the best way to catch a problem before it becomes serious.
5. Exercise your pelvic floor muscles (just like women do after childbirth).
These muscles are in control of your hemorrhoids. If you are experiencing symptoms or have been diagnosed with hemorrhoids, then you should be doing these exercises anyway.
6. If you have had a child and experience pain while sitting, then consider using diapers or training pants again.
This will add support to the area and reduce your pain.
7. Trim your butt hair.
Longer hair can get “caught” on your hemorrhoid and cause pain or further irritation.
8. Use witch hazel, a cold compress or a sitz bath to relieve pain and swelling.
When to See a Doctor
It is best to see a doctor if:
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Stapled haemorrhoidopexy: a consensus position paper by an international working party–indications, contra‐indications and technique by ML Corman, JF Gravié, T Hager, MA Loudon… – Colorectal …, 2003 – Wiley Online Library
Bowen’s disease of the anal and perianal area: a report and analysis of twelve cases by RJ Strauss, VW Fazio – The American Journal of Surgery, 1979 – Elsevier
Removal of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps increases patient satisfaction after anal fissure surgery by PJ Gupta, S Kalaskar – Techniques in coloproctology, 2003 – Springer
Sacral hemangiomas and multiple congenital abnormalities by NS Goldberg, AA Hebert, NB Esterly – Archives of dermatology, 1986 – jamanetwork.com