Cromolyn Sodium for Allergies

Cromolyn Sodium For Allergies – What Is It?

Cromolyn sodium (also known as 1,3-butanediol) is a synthetic compound used to treat allergies. It was first developed in the early 1980’s and it became available in the United States in 1985. According to the National Institutes of Health, cromolyn sodium nasal spray contains about 50% butane gas which is released when butane burns organic matter such as pollen or mold spores. It is not clear how long the drug stays active after inhalation. However, studies have shown that cromolyn sodium nasal spray may be effective at treating allergic rhinitis.

Cromolyn sodium nasal spray is approved by the FDA for use in adults with moderate to severe acute allergy symptoms caused by allergens such as dust mites, animal dander, grasses and weeds. It works best if taken within 12 hours of exposure.

It is not recommended for children under 6 years old because they are too young to fully metabolize the drug.

The drug is most commonly prescribed by doctors who specialize in allergy medicine. The drug is also sold over the counter without a prescription.

Side Effects Of Cromolyn Sodium For Allergies: Common Side Effects Of Cromolyn Sodium For Allergies Are As Follow:

Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of cromolyn sodium nasal spray. Your doctor may recommend taking the drug with food to avoid feeling nauseous (feeling sick to your stomach).

Diarrhea is another common side effect of cromolyn sodium nasal spray. Your doctor may also advise you to take the drug with food to avoid diarrhea (uncontrolled bowel movements).

Headache and dizziness are also possible side effects of cromolyn sodium nasal spray.

Less Common Side effects of cromolyn sodium for Allergies are as follow:

If you have any of these less common but potentially serious side effects of cromolyn sodium for Allergies you should seek immediate medical attention:

Serious allergic reaction. Symptoms may include: difficulty breathing, swallowing, hives, swelling (throat, face), vomiting, lightheadedness, and paleness.

Significant drop in blood pressure (hypotension).

Severe skin rash.

Skin redness, itching, or swelling at the application site.

Stomach pain.

Tearing or swelling of the eye.

Unusual tiredness or weakness.

Yellowing of the skin or eyes.

Less Common Side effects of cromolyn sodium for Allergies are as follow:

If you have any of these less common but potentially serious side effects of cromolyn sodium for Allergies you should seek immediate medical attention:

Allergic reaction. Symptoms may include: hives, itching, swelling (throat, face), vomiting, lightheadedness, and paleness.

Appendicitis.

Eye pain.

Infection or abscess at the application site.

Loss of vision in one or both eyes.

Severe pain in the stomach area.

Stomach fullness.

Stomach swelling.

Swollen glands.

Unusual bleeding or bruising.

Who Should Not Take Cromolyn Sodium?

The following people should not take cromolyn sodium:

People who are allergic to cromolyn sodium or any of the other ingredients in the medication. See Generic Names From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia for a list of these ingredients.

People who have severe asthma or other breathing problems.

People who have experienced a recent allergic reaction in the nose. Allergies may include: itchy nose, sneezing, redness, swelling (lips, tongue, throat), wheezing, breathing difficulties.

People with certain types of glaucoma.

People who have taken fluorescein sodium within the last 2 weeks.

Warnings

Before taking cromolyn sodium you should tell your doctor if:

You are pregnant or breastfeeding.

You have any allergies.

You have an infection, or have recently had an infection, in your nose.

You have trouble passing urine. This could be a sign of a urination problem caused by the drug.

If this is the case you may need to take less of the drug until your symptoms improve.

You have recently had surgery or any other eye procedure.

You have breathing problems, an ongoing infection, trouble passing urine, diabetes or heart failure.

How Should You Take Cromolyn Sodium?

Your doctor will tell you the correct dosage of cromolyn sodium that you need to take as well as the length of time that you need to take the medication for. You should take cromolyn sodium exactly as your doctor has advised.

You may be given an inhaler to take with the cromolyn sodium nasal spray for immediate relief from your symptoms. If you are not, you can also use over the counter saline sprays to moisten your nasal passages.

Sources & references used in this article:

Use of intranasal cromolyn sodium for allergic rhinitis by PH Ratner, PM Ehrlich, SM Fineman, EO Meltzer… – Mayo Clinic …, 2002 – Elsevier

A controlled study of cromolyn sodium sponsored by the Drug Committee of the American Academy of Allergy by IL Bernstein, SC Siegel, ML Brandon, EB Brown… – Journal of Allergy and …, 1972 – Elsevier

A comparison of the efficacy and tolerability of olopatadine hydrochloride 0.1% ophthalmic solution and cromolyn sodium 2% ophthalmic solution in seasonal allergic … by CH Katelaris, G Ciprandi, L Missotten, FD Turner… – Clinical …, 2002 – Elsevier

A multicenter trial of nedocromil sodium, 1% nasal solution, compared with cromolyn sodium and placebo in ragweed seasonal allergic rhinitis by DE Schuller, JE Selcow, TH Joos, PJ Hannaway… – Journal of allergy and …, 1990 – Elsevier

Efficacy and patient satisfaction with cromolyn sodium nasal solution in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: a placebo-controlled study by EO Meltzer – Clinical therapeutics, 2002 – Elsevier

A randomized equivalence trial comparing the efficacy and safety of Luffa comp.-Heel nasal spray with cromolyn sodium spray in the treatment of seasonal allergic … by M Weiser, LH Gegenheimer, P Klein – Complementary Medicine …, 1999 – karger.com

Cromolyn sodium in seasonal allergic conjunctivitis by KT Kray, EN Squire Jr, WR Tipton, JC Selner… – Journal of allergy and …, 1985 – Elsevier