Adnexal Mass

Adnexal Mass Symptoms:

The symptoms of adnexal mass are similar to those of other ICD-10 disorders. They include:

Weight loss (usually less than 5%)

Reduced appetite (often with nausea)

Nausea/vomiting

Diarrhea or constipation (sometimes)

In addition to these symptoms, there may be other signs such as:

Abdominal pain or discomfort (especially when eating)

Fever

Muscle weakness

Tremors in extremities

Dizziness or lightheadedness

Pale skin color (pigmentation)

Severe fatigue (fatigue due to severe muscle wasting)

These symptoms usually begin within a few days after the onset of symptoms. The severity of the symptoms varies from person to person. Some people have no symptoms at all. Other people experience only milder symptoms, but they do not go away completely even if they try hard enough. This is especially true for severe fatigue (muscle wasting), which is a common sign of malnutrition related diseases and disorders.

Adnexal Mass Pictures:

Here we have added some adnexal mass pictures so you can have a look at it.

Adnexal Mass Treatment:

Non-cancerous tumors can also be treated in many ways, depending on their size, location, and type.

The first step is normally to speak with your doctor about any of your symptoms. Your doctor will ask you about any other medical conditions that you or your family have, since some types of tumors are known to have a genetic cause. The doctor will also ask if anyone in your family has had similar symptoms and if they have been treated in the past. Your doctor will probably perform a physical examination and ask you questions about your symptoms. If the doctor suspects that you have an adnexal mass, they may refer you to a specialist for further testing.

There are two main types of treatment used in non-cancerous tumors: observation and surgery.

Observation: If your doctor believes your adnexal mass is benign, no treatment may be necessary. Your doctor will likely ask you to return in a few months or years to make sure that the tumor is not getting larger over time. If the mass is growing or the tests were unable to determine whether or not the mass is benign or malignant, you may need to have surgery to remove the mass altogether.

Surgery: Surgery is normally reserved for adnexal masses that are large enough to have symptoms or those that are definitely cancerous. There are various types of surgery that your doctor may perform, depending on the location and size of your tumor.

Adnexal Mass Treatment Alternatives:

Your doctor may also refer you to another physician who can perform catheter ablation. This procedure is normally only used in the treatment of heart conditions, since it involves placing and manipulating long thin tubes into specific locations within the heart. During the procedure, a wire loop or tube is used to create a “block” in the abnormal electrical pathway that is causing the irregular heartbeat.

Another alternative is called microwave ablation. The doctor uses an endoscope to guide a microwave catheter to the abnormal area. The catheter generates and heats up a small area of tissue that destroys the tissue and the abnormal electrical pathway.

Adnexal Masses:

Gynaecomastia: Gynaecomastia is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that develops in males during puberty. It is caused by an imbalance of hormones and it can affect one or both of the male “breasts” (called mammary glands or gynecoids).

Mammary Gland Tumors: The most common type of tumor in female mammals is a mammary gland tumor. These tumors can be benign or cancerous.

Thyroid Gland Tumors: These are very common tumors in middle-aged and older cats and dogs.

Lymphoma: Lymphomas are tumors of the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. They can be either slow growing (chronic lymphocytic) or fast growing (acute lymphocytic).

Leukemia: Leukemias are tumors of the white blood cells. There are several different types, but all of them involve a proliferation of leukocytes (white blood cells).

Sebaceous Gland Tumors: These are benign tumors that develop in the sebaceous glands, which produce oil (sebum) for the skin.

Glomerulonephritis: Glomerulonephritis is a condition that causes the kidneys to become inflamed and damaged. It is caused by an attack on the kidney structures (called nephrons) by the body’s immune system.

Ovarian Gland Tumors: The most common type of ovarian tumors are cysts. These cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in and damage the surrounding tissues.

Sources & references used in this article:

Management of adnexal mass. by ER Myers, LA Bastian, LJ Havrilesky… – Evidence report …, 2006 – europepmc.org

Management of the adnexal mass by JP Curtin – Gynecologic oncology, 1994 – Elsevier

The adnexal mass: benign or malignant? Evaluation of a risk of malignancy index by AP Davies, I Jacobs, R Woolas, A Fish… – BJOG: An International …, 1993 – Wiley Online Library

Characterization of adnexal mass lesions on MR imaging by SAA Sohaib, A Sahdev, PV Trappen… – American Journal of …, 2003 – Am Roentgen Ray Soc