The following are some of the most common symptoms associated with cysts:
Painful or burning pain in your ovaries (ovarian cyst)
Loss of menstrual period (amenorrhea)
Decreased egg production (anovulation)
Abnormal bleeding after sexual activity (prolapsed hymen, scarring from previous surgery, etc. )
) Decrease in size of the fallopian tubes (vas deferens)
Decrease in fertility (infertility)
The following are some of the most common causes of ovarian cysts: Ovarian cancer (cancerous growths inside your ovary) Endometriosis Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Hyperthyroidism Lupus Menopause Hormone Replacement Therapy Liver Disease Bile Acid Poisoning Kidney Failure Other Causes
There are many possible reasons why you may have ovarian cysts. Some of them include:
Ovarian cysts are caused by various diseases and conditions such as: Cancer, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), diabetes type 2, obesity, thyroid disease, liver disease and others. If any one of these causes is present then it will increase the risk of developing ovarian cysts.
Family history: If your mother, sisters or grandmother have had ovarian cysts then you are in a higher risk category.
There is no absolute way to determine whether you will develop an ovarian cyst. The only way to prevent it is by getting treated for the diseases and conditions that cause cyst formation.
There are a few effective treatments for ovarian cysts but each of them has their own pros and cons. Your doctor will recommend the safest and most effective treatment for your situation.
Sometimes, ovarian cysts disappear on their own without treatment. If you are in a high-risk category then it is very important that you get periodic checkups.
If you have a family history of ovarian cancer or cysts then it is very important that you see your physician immediately if you notice any symptoms. Early detection of ovarian cancer greatly increases your chances of survival.
Once the doctor confirms that you have an ovarian cyst then he will recommend treatment based on the size, type and location of the cyst. The specific cause and your age may play a role in deciding the best course of action.
Small fluid-filled cysts (simple cysts) or those that are non-cancerous usually do not require any treatment unless they cause discomfort. Your doctor may suggest taking pain relievers such as ibuprofen to alleviate pain.
If your cyst is filled with solid material (complex cyst) or has characteristics of cancer then your doctor will recommend surgical removal of the entire ovary. This is the most effective treatment but it also has some risk of complications.
Some people have a family history of ovarian cancer and they are at a much higher risk than the general population. For this group of women, periodic checkups by a gynecologist and surgical removal of the entire ovary if necessary are recommended to catch ovarian cancer at an early stage.
Most ovarian cysts disappear without treatment within a few months. However, if your cyst does not disappear on its own then you will need to get it surgically removed. In most cases, a laparoscopic procedure can be used to remove the cyst with a very low risk of complications.
This procedure involves making several small cuts on your belly and then inserting a small camera and surgical instruments through these incisions. The cyst is located, drained and removed. This procedure is very effective in removing the cyst with a very low risk of complications.
In some cases where the cyst is very large or has certain characteristics, then the entire ovary may need to be surgically removed along with the cyst. This is a more risky procedure than removing the cyst alone and you will need to take some time to recover from the surgery.
Ovarian cysts are sacs of fluid that develop inside or on the outside of your ovaries. The cause of most ovarian cysts is not known; however, there are a few known risk factors. Your genes, age and family history can increase your risk of developing an ovarian cyst.
Please Note: The material here is informational only and is not a substitute for medical advice or professional medical care. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions regarding medical conditions or treatments. If you don’t feel that you are getting the appropriate level of treatment for your condition(s), seek a second and even third opinion.
It is your health after all.
Also note: All information here regarding the risks of ovarian cancer refers to women in general, not you in particular. Only your physician can determine your personal risk based on family history and other factors.
Return to Ovarian Cyst main page
Ovarian cyst information page
Sources & references used in this article:
Treatment compliance in adults with cystic fibrosis. by J Abbott, M Dodd, D Bilton, AK Webb – Thorax, 1994 – thorax.bmj.com
Aneurysmal bone cysts: do simple treatments work? by KIA Reddy, F Sinnaeve, CL Gaston, RJ Grimer… – … and Related Research®, 2014 – Springer
Emotional adjustment of adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis by RW Olmsted, IR Boyle, PA di Sant’Agnese, S Sack… – The Journal of …, 1976 – Elsevier
Use of complementary/alternative therapies among children in primary care pediatrics by A Sawni-Sikand, H Schubiner, RL Thomas – Ambulatory pediatrics, 2002 – Elsevier
A CFTR corrector (lumacaftor) and a CFTR potentiator (ivacaftor) for treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis who have a phe508del CFTR mutation: a phase 2 … by MP Boyle, SC Bell, MW Konstan, SA McColley… – … Respiratory medicine, 2014 – Elsevier
Compliance with treatment in adult patients with cystic fibrosis. by SP Conway, MN Pond, T Hamnett, A Watson – Thorax, 1996 – thorax.bmj.com