10 Interesting Types of Magnesium (and What to Use Each For)

Magnesium Citrate:

The most common form of magnesium found in nature. Magnesium citrate is used as a laxative and diuretic.

It works well when taken with other forms of magnesium, but it may not work as well if taken alone. Magnesium citrate is also known to help prevent heart disease, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus type II and some types of cancer.

Magnesium Oxide:

It is a white crystalline powder which is made from magnesium carbonate. It is sometimes called “white chalk” because of its appearance.

Magnesium oxide is commonly used in the treatment of gout, rheumatism, asthma, allergies and many other conditions. Magnesium oxide helps regulate blood sugar levels and also aids in weight loss and muscle recovery after exercise or physical trauma. Magnesium oxide is also useful in treating depression, insomnia, anxiety disorders and even Alzheimer’s disease.

Magnesium Chloride:

Magnesium chlorides are a yellowish-brown powder which is often referred to as “black chalk”. They have been used for centuries in China for medicinal purposes.

Magnesium chlorides are effective against stomach ulcers, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, colic and constipation. Magnesium chlorides also act as a diuretic, helping to increase the production and flow of urine.

Magnesium Lactate:

This form of magnesium is most often found in dairy products, but can also be found in some supplemental forms. Lactates are an energy source for the body’s muscles and helps with proper brain and nerve function.

Magnesium lactate may help lower blood pressure and even prevent cognitive decline in the elderly. However, the benefits of magnesium lactate supplementation are not certain.

Magnesium Malate:

Magnesium malate is a combination of magnesium and malic acid. It is usually used to help prevent or reduce muscle cramps and spasms, as well as help with fatigue.

Magnesium malate may also help improve energy levels and increase endurance during physical activity.

Magnesium Orotate:

Magnesium orotate is not very well known, but it may improve athletic performance when used in combination with vitamin B6.

Magnesium Sulfate:

Commonly known as Epsom Salts, magnesium sulfate is a widely used topical treatment for wounds and skin irritations. It may also be used as a laxative to relieve the passage of hardened feces from the large intestine.

However, the effectiveness of magnesium sulfate in this case has been called into question.

Magnesium Taurate:

Magnesium taurate is the only magnesium supplement to have been approved by the FDA for treatment of cardiovascular disease. Magnesium taurate helps to relax blood vessels, which in turn reduces blood pressure and also reduces the strain on the heart.

It may also be used to prevent heart attack and stroke. Magnesium taurate may cause drowsiness. It should not be used by patients who have low blood pressure, unless under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

Magnesium Threonate:

A derivative of magnesium orotate, magnesium threonate is another relatively unknown member of the magnesium family. It is able to cross the blood-brain barrier, which means it can be used to treat neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

It may also protect against brain injury.

Magnesium Toxinate:

Magnesium toxinate is a combination of magnesium and vitamin B, and is used to improve metabolic activity and the utilization of oxygen in the body. It can also help with absorption and proper storage of essential minerals, especially in elderly patients.

What does it do?

Magnesium is a mineral that is needed for more than three hundred biochemical reactions in the human body. It is necessary for the proper functioning of nerves, muscles, and bones. It also helps to regulate blood pressure and the heart rate.

Most people don’t get enough magnesium through their diet, so it is often recommended that people take a magnesium supplement, especially if they have problems with high blood pressure or other cardiovascular disease.

However, many magnesium supplements on the market are not readily absorbed by the body. For this reason, magnesium bisglycinate and magnesium citrate are most commonly recommended by doctors.

Who needs it?

If you have high blood pressure, you should probably talk to your doctor about getting a magnesium supplement. Magnesium is also useful for people with irregular heartbeats and muscle cramps. It can also help with headaches caused by dehydration.

In addition to people with certain health conditions, athletes and those with a physically demanding lifestyle may also benefit from taking a magnesium supplement.

There are some people who should not take a magnesium supplement. If you have heart problems or take medication for your heart, you should only take a magnesium supplement under the supervision of your doctor.

Magnesium supplements can also cause diarrhea in some people. If you have a history of intestinal issues such as irritable bowel syndrome, you may want to consult your doctor before taking a magnesium supplement.

How much do I need?

The amount of magnesium needed by the human body is variable and depends on age and gender. Infants in the womb need the most, and adults over 50 have higher requirements as well.

Sources & references used in this article:

Understanding magnesium corrosion—a framework for improved alloy performance by G Song, A Atrens – Advanced engineering materials, 2003 – Wiley Online Library

Magnesium alloys (WE43 and ZE41) characterisation for laser applications by S Ignat, P Sallamand, D Grevey, M Lambertin – Applied surface science, 2004 – Elsevier

Recycling of different types of magnesium scrap by H Antrekowitsch, G Hanko, P Ebner – Magnesium technology, 2002 – library.nmlindia.org

Study of magnesium and aluminum alloys absorption coefficient during Nd: YAG laser interaction by N Pierron, P Sallamand, S Matteï – Applied Surface Science, 2007 – Elsevier

Tensile properties and stress whitening of polypropylene/polyolefin elastomer/magnesium hydroxide flame retardant composites for cable insulating application by CH Hong, YB Lee, JW Bae, JY Jho… – Journal of applied …, 2005 – Wiley Online Library

Magnesium may mediate the favorable impact of whole grains on insulin sensitivity by acting as a mild calcium antagonist by MF McCarty – Medical hypotheses, 2005 – Elsevier

Fire‐retarding polypropylene with magnesium hydroxide by S Miyata, T Imahashi, H Anabuki – Journal of Applied Polymer …, 1980 – Wiley Online Library